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Description of raspberry variety Monomakh hat

Description of raspberry variety Monomakh hat


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The Monomakh Hat variety is a new remontant type of raspberry. There are many rumors and questions around him; not every gardener is in a hurry to allocate a site for planting it.

Breeding-friendly areas

The raspberry variety Monomakh's Hat was bred by the leading fruit breeder Ivan Vasilyevich Kazakov.

Moscow and the Moscow region are favorable areas for growing this variety of raspberries. The plant endures winter steadily, without requiring special insulation.

In central Russia, raspberries of this variety are recommended to be planted in the first half of October. In the southern regions, the period varies from early October to the first decade of November.

In the regions of Siberia and the Urals, after the end of frost, the main insulation in the form of leaves, snow is removed and cover the plants with black foil. This will speed up the growth and strengthening of young stems.

The variety is resistant to negative temperatures, but if the winters in the growing area are cold, the crop should be covered with snow and the resulting ice crust should be removed.

As with any grown crops, remontant raspberries The monomakh cap has its pros and cons. The positive qualities of raspberries are:

  • High yield.
  • Frost resistance.
  • Large and tasty berries.
  • Pest resistance.

The main the disadvantage of the variety is its susceptibility to viral diseases... It is worth figuring out if it is so good for growing.

Appearance

Now let's talk about the description of raspberries. Thick green shoots, towering 1.5 meters above the ground, strongly branch. The branches of the formed bush droop down, and it resembles a small tree.

Berries

The cap of the monomakh is famous for its large tasty berries of bright red color. The shape of the berries is elongated, conical with a rather blunt end. On average, the weight of a berry reaches almost 7 grams, in some cases the weight reaches 20 grams, and berries are the size of a plum. Raspberry size is directly proportional to watering: if the soil is well moistened, then the berries are large, juicy, and the lack of moisture leads to a decrease in the size and number of fruits.

The juicy pulp is easily separated from the stalk, sweet with a slight sourness, it melts in the mouth, leaving a pleasant aftertaste. The berry has an elastic texture, so it can be transported over short distances and stored. It is used fresh as a dessert, good for making jam, compotes, fruit drinks.

Yield

The yield of the bush depends on the conditions of maintenance and care; during the season, 4.5 - 5 kg of berries can be harvested from one bush. If the berries are large, as a rule, this happens in the first two years, then you can collect up to 8 kg of raspberries.

Bushes of this variety begin to bear fruit from the second half of August and continue until mid-autumn, right up to the first frost. The berries have enough time to form and ripen. For the entire period, about 60% of the declared harvest can be harvested, the rest does not have time to gain color before the onset of cold weather.

If you create greenhouse conditions, stretch a special covering fabric over raspberries in the second half of April, you can speed up the process of budding and ripening of fruits.

Removing fruits from the bush is easy - this variety is devoid of thorns. Only a small number of thorns are located at the base of the bush.

Features of planting and growing

The monomakh hat is a remontant variety. Its advantage over other types of raspberries is that it bears fruit 2 times a year. The cultivation of the variety influenced the quality and quantity of the crop harvested in the second phase of fruiting.

It begins in mid-August and continues until frost and differs from the first in a decrease in pests and viral diseases of the bush.

Trenches are prepared for planting raspberries:

  • dug to a depth of 35 - 40 cm;
  • fertilize with humus;
  • poured with mineral fertilizer, diluted to the desired concentration.

The seedlings should be placed 75 - 80 cm apart, sprinkled with a little earth and tamped. Cuttings should not be buried deeply, the roots should be located close to the surface. After planting, the plants need to be watered with stimulants for better and faster root growth.... You can find them in any specialty store.

Next, you need to add mulch from humus or plant residues.

Caring for a variety of remontant raspberries Monomakh hat

The repairing raspberry variety requires careful maintenance:

  • When planting and throughout its life, the bush must be fertilized with mineral fertilizers and humus.
  • Monitor soil moisture, soil drying is unacceptable.
  • Loosening is a prerequisite for care, excess water can cause root rot.
  • There should be no more than 5 - 6 plants per square meter.

If during planting the seedling received a sufficient amount of fertilizer, then feeding is no longer required in the first year. In subsequent years, fertilizers are applied in stages:

  • in spring, nitrogen dressings are relevant, which activate intensive growth and a set of leaf mass;
  • during ripening - rich in potassium and phosphorus, to improve the quality of the crop;
  • in preparation for winter, organic matter is introduced, in most cases high-quality humus, fresh manure is excluded.

Preparing for winter is also a kind of ritual:

  • We collect the remaining berries
  • We cut off all branches and shoots flush with the ground with pruning shears or large scissors.
  • We gently loosen the ground around the roots, where possible, with a thin knife or a special spatula.
  • Pour a thin layer of humus and ash on top.

By cutting off the shoots every year, you protect the raspberry from pests that simply have nowhere to winter. Therefore, this variety of raspberries is very rarely wormy, which increases the resistance to various diseases.

If you do not want to cut off the shoots, but want to harvest 2 times, the raspberries need to be insulated by mulching, and also sprinkled with fallen leaves or cut grass. Stem pruning is carried out according to a different scheme. It is necessarily held in spring and autumn, branches are cut:

  • sick;
  • thin and underdeveloped;
  • broken;
  • biennial dead.

To ensure that vegetation receives enough sunlight, it is necessary to build a structure to keep the stems upright... To do this, stakes are cut in around the planting, between which a wire is pulled, which serves as a kind of support. The stems are neatly tied to it, trying not to injure the surface layer.

Reproduction

Reproduction of the raspberry variety Monomakh's cap is difficult with the traditional method, because the bottom of the raspberry does not overgrow with dense growth and propagates using green cuttings grown specifically for breeding. To do this, in early spring, young shoots are carefully separated from the main bush:

  • remove the top layer near the base by 2 - 2.5 cm.
  • cut the green shoot as close to the root system as possible.

    The root must not be damaged. Use sharp objects for work to minimize the risk of injury to the plant.

  • rooted in a peat pot and placed in greenhouse conditions.

After a few weeks, a bud appears at the base of the shoot, which gives impetus to the growth of the seedling. In the second half of May or early June, he is ready for transplantation to a permanent place of growth.

Choosing a site for planting

Resistance to infections and pests, as well as increased productivity, depend on the place of permanent residence of this litter. For the type of Monomakh's hat, the following areas are suitable:

  • fertile;
  • PH neutral;
  • sunny, south-facing;
  • well drained.

Waterlogged soils with high acidity are not suitable for cultivation, as well as closely lying groundwater. This variety requires high quality soil due to the peculiarities of the root system. The main part of the roots is located close to the surface, so the soil layer here must be constantly moist, loose and allow the maximum amount of air to pass through.

Due to the capriciousness of the variety, the soil must be tested for acid before planting. To do this, you can use the proven easy way:

  • Take 5 blackcurrant leaves and pour 200 ml. boiling water (1 glass).
  • Let it brew for 10 - 15 minutes and remove the sheets.
  • Dip a small amount of soil into the broth from the place for planting.
  • Wait for the shade to appear:
  • red - acidic soil;
  • green - slightly acidic soil;
  • blue - neutral PH.

If the soil turns out to be acidic, and you simply cannot find another place, you can neutralize the high acidity. To do this, 400 - 500 grams are applied for each square meter of the plot. lime flour, if the soil is slightly acidic, the dosage is halved.

Wood ash is perfect for these purposes (owners with a bathhouse on their backyard can boast of its presence), in addition to the main effect, it will saturate the soil with useful trace elements, such as potassium, phosphorus, calcium, magnesium and others.

Experienced gardeners can recommend slaked lime to reduce the acidity of the soil. This is a useful substance, but quite aggressive and can adversely affect vegetation, therefore, introduce it in advance, before planting.

Diseases and pests

As mentioned above, raspberries of the Shapka monomakh variety, due to the specifics of pruning shoots, are not very susceptible to the influence of pests. But young shoots are not immune to viral infections spread by flying, sucking insects such as aphids and cicadas. They can spread disease from infected plants. The most common ones are:

  • Viral chlorosis. The main signs of the disease: yellowing dry leaves, a decrease in the size of the shoots. Berries with chlorosis are underdeveloped, do not have time to ripen and dry out.
  • Yellow mosaic is characterized by yellowed leaves with curled dry edges. The berry does not dry out completely, but it develops one-sided and has a bland taste.
  • Curliness is determined by the following characteristics:
  • stopping growth;
  • increase in size in diameter;
  • brown shade of leaves;
  • reduction in leaf size;
  • drying berries.

The fight against viruses is to prune diseased shoots as needed. For preventive purposes, plants are treated in early spring with fungicidal preparations, including Bordeaux mixture. With insectofungicides sold in specialized stores, it is necessary to spray the still dormant buds, and repeat the treatment before and after flowering.

Gardeners reviews

Margarita Petrova: In the spring I ordered several types of remontant raspberries: Daughter of Hercules, Golden Autumn, Monomakh's Hat. The first two began to dry immediately, I was upset because of the money spent. But the "Monomakh's Hat" pleasantly surprised. Not only were the bushes bursting with berries, there was also little growth around the bush, it was not difficult to remove it.

Gleb Viktorovich: I live in Siberia. The year before last I planted a Hat, but did not have time to collect even half of the fruits, the cold set in. So it is not suitable for amateurs in Siberia. For those who know all the intricacies of growing and warming, it may be suitable. I think the only plus from this whole story is the delicious berries.

Oksana Ivanova: They advised a remontant raspberry, not really understanding what it was the seedlings ordered, the monomakh's hat came. Yes, large and tasty fruits, but until you get them. I would like to eat raspberries at the beginning of summer.


Raspberry variety Cap of Monomakh - description, planting, care, reviews

Raspberries
  1. History of raspberry cultivation Monomakh hat
  2. Description of raspberry Monomakh hat
  3. Characteristics of the variety
  4. Advantages and disadvantages
  5. Drought resistance, frost resistance
  6. Productivity and fruiting
  7. Landing
  8. Care
  9. Pruning
  10. Diseases and pests
  11. Raspberry diseases, table
  12. Raspberry diseases in the photo
  13. Raspberry pests and their characteristics - table
  14. Raspberry pests - photo gallery
  15. Testimonials

Planting culture

Seedlings are purchased in the garden center from reliable sellers. They are carefully examined, only healthy ones are chosen, without the slightest signs of disease. The root system of raspberries should be well-developed and well-branched. If the plants are not planted immediately after purchase, the roots are dipped in a bucket of water.

Location and timing

Raspberries are planted in a well-lit, not blown by cold winds, territory. Groundwater should not come close to the surface. Bushes grown in moist soil can be affected by putrefactive microorganisms. Distance from buildings - 1.5-2 meters.

Raspberries are planted in spring or autumn. Saplings are chosen healthy, without signs of disease and pests. When planting in autumn, the root circle must be carefully mulched.

Note! Bushes with a closed root system can be planted even in summer.

Soil preparation

The site is freed from debris, the earth is dug up. Raspberries are planted in loose, fertile soil. If there is heavy soil on the site, it is lightened with compost, peat, sand. Fluff lime and dolomite flour are added to the acidified soil.

Planting seedlings

Raspberry yield depends a lot on proper planting. The procedure is carried out as follows:

  1. Dig holes 40 x 40 x 40 centimeters in size. The distance between them is 70 centimeters. The spacing between the rows is 1.5 meters.
  2. A mixture of garden soil, wood ash, 2 tablespoons of superphosphate is laid out on the bottom.
  3. Fertile soil is poured.
  4. A seedling is placed in the middle of the hole, the root system is straightened.
  5. The bushes are covered in such a way that the root collar is not buried.
  6. Water abundantly. At least a bucket of water is consumed for each bush.

To preserve moisture in the soil, the root circle is mulched with peat or humus. Too long shoots are shortened to 35 centimeters.


Features of care and landing

Seedlings can be planted in spring and autumn. In the fall - a month before the onset of severe cold weather, in the spring - until the buds have blossomed. Allocate a sunny area behind the wind for planting. Be sure to cultivate the soil in the fall:

  • remove weeds
  • fertilize
  • dig up.

You can plant raspberries using a ribbon (in trenches) or bush (in pits) method. When planting, it is necessary to add humus, ash and superphosphate to the hole. The stock of nutrients introduced during planting will be used by the seedlings for the first 2 years.

Water the raspberries after planting, pour at least ½ a bucket of water onto one bush. Cut each seedling at a height of 30-35 cm. Mulch the entire soil next to the bushes. The mulch can be rotted sawdust, compost, peat, humus. Maintain a layer thickness of 7 cm.

It is possible to grow remontant raspberries Monomakh's Hat in one place for about 10 years. To maintain productivity, you need:

  • restore soil fertility annually
  • prevent disease
  • protect plantings from pests
  • pruning bushes: normalizing - if necessary, sanitary - every spring.

Basic care for remontant raspberries. Monomakh's hat after planting: watering, 3-4-fold top dressing, weeding row spacings, loosening the topsoil, prevention and control of diseases and insects.

When pruning in spring, 7 strong shoots are left in each bush. The approximate distance between them is 20 cm. In late autumn, after the establishment of cold weather, the entire aerial part of the raspberry can be cut out. In this case, there will be one harvest wave the next year.

The pros of full fall pruning are clear. No need to cover the bushes for the winter. Pests and their larvae living in the buds and stems are destroyed. Pruning serves to prevent disease.

The soil under the raspberries should be constantly moist, even short-term drying affects the quality of the berries.In the absence of mulch, the topsoil will have to be loosened regularly. A dense crust on the surface of the ridge reduces the amount of oxygen supplied to the roots; loosen no deeper than 7 cm.


Raspberry Cap of Monomakh - reviews of gardeners

The description of the Monomakh Hat variety looks very attractive, but only the real experience of gardeners will help to make a decision: is it worth buying seedlings and spending time growing them? What do others like and what do they dislike about this remontant raspberry?

There are many positive reviews on the Internet. The berries are really large, even if the bushes are not planted in the most suitable place. But this variety reacts more strongly to watering than other remontant varieties - the fruits immediately shrink from a lack of moisture.

Video about growing raspberries in modern raspberries

Opinions differ regarding the taste of the berries. Some consider the discussed raspberries tasty, while others find the fruits not sweet enough in comparison with other popular varieties. Perhaps, in some cases, the berries do not gain sweetness due to the peculiarities of the weather or from a lack of fertilizers. Climatic conditions explain the differences in the timing of fruiting of raspberries: somewhere the first berries appear from the very beginning of August, and somewhere the fruits simply do not have time to ripen, causing discontent among gardeners.

The main argument against the cultivation of this large, productive raspberry is that they stopped multiplying the Monomakh Hat due to its high susceptibility to viruses and diseases. Although many gardeners do not pay attention to these arguments, continuing to delight themselves and loved ones with fresh tasty berries in autumn.


Disease and pest control

For prophylaxis, in the spring, before flowering, raspberry bushes should be treated with any broad-spectrum fungicidal preparation.

In extreme heat and with a sharp change in weather, observation of plants should be doubled. It is during such periods that, most often, certain diseases appear.

At the first sign of infection or upon detection of pests, treatment with targeted drugs should be repeated in accordance with the manufacturer's recommendations.

Vladislav Nikolaevich

Monomakh's hat the autumn before last. Raspberries, indeed, are excellent, but not for the climatic conditions of Siberia. I managed to ripen only the first berries, and then the cold came, part of the harvest simply did not ripen. Although, the first berries on last year's shoots were more than impressive in size. I decided to grow this variety as an ordinary raspberry, as it tastes just great.

Gagina Julia, Poltava

The berry is actually very large and tasty. True, I started to ripen at the beginning of August, and not in the middle. I admit that the reason for this is different climatic conditions. Although, perhaps, just while the bushes are young (first fruiting). I noticed the huge dependence of Monomakh's caps on watering. As soon as the bushes receive less moisture, the berry becomes smaller. When watering is resumed, the berry again increases in size, while completely losing its taste.


Protection from pests and diseases

The weak link of the Monomakh Hat is its susceptibility to diseases and parasites. Most often, it is infected by bushy dwarfism, popularly known as looseness. The berries become small, divided into grains and easily crumble from the bush. Yellow streaks appear on the leaves, they wither and sink. If you notice the disease in time, you can remove the affected area and burn it. If signs of disease appear on most of the plant, you have to get rid of the entire bush in order to avoid contamination of healthy seedlings.

The raspberry beetle appears on the site in spring and early summer when raspberries are in bloom. It feeds on buds, which affects the amount of the crop. Therefore, during flowering, pests can be removed mechanically, or the bushes can be treated with Confidor.

There are frequent cases of lesions of remontant raspberries with a spider mite. The leaves turn gray and fall off the bush. To fight the tick, the bushes are treated with colloidal sulfur or Karbofos.



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